• This section should always commence with a brief outline of the principal findings of the study. Thereafter, the findings must be put into context and provide adequate comparisons with previous studies.
N.B. It is not sufficient to describe only the finding of other authors. The manuscript’s authors should contrast and comment on previous findings and compare them to their findings in a relevant fashion.


  • Limitations of the study must be highlighted by the author(s). This is vital as it demonstrates that the authors are able to be self-critical and understand where their work meshes within its field.
  • Finally and if not already included, there should be a brief mention on clinical relevance (especially relevant when dealing with experimental studies).
  • Once again, this section may be overlong and shortened without difficulty. If this is the case please offer deletion guidance.